Sunday, November 16, 2008

MCOCA and Malegaon blast accused

Advocates of Mobocracy: Members of Hindu Rashtriya Sena protest outside a Nasik court where the accused were produced on November 15.

The ongoing twist-and-turn in the investigation of the Malegaon bomb blast of September 29 is stranger than a John Grisham novel. At this point of time, it may be difficult to say with certainty in which direction the investigation will lead to, but there are enough inputs and indicators to make an assessment.

Going by the various media reports, it seems that Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS) has got nothing incriminating against the accused so far; the kind of evidence that will stand in a court of law. As one report in Hindustan Times says,

The hard evidence in the form of materials used in making and planting of the bomb, witnesses and other corroborative and supporting evidence is still missing.
The ATS has reportedly seized arms, cell phones, electronic timers, pen drive, telephone diary and some documents from the accused. The latest arrest of priest Dayanand Pandey makes the case murkier and high-profile as he had some "political contacts." Pandey has reportedly changed his number 4 times in the last 20 days. None of this is incriminating in law unless it is proved that the above mentioned items were used in the blast.

Narco test or truth serum as it is known is not a scientifically-proved and legally-approved method of investigation. Also narco tests are not fool-proof. A person of a military background like Lt. Col. Purohit can easily mislead the investigators. There is no guarantee that a person will only speak the truth in a so-called 'truth serum' test. Also evidence extracted under the test is not admissible in court.

The sincerity of any investigating agency should not be measured on the basis of leaks it willingly provides to the media but its approach in the application of law on the accused. All the accused arrested so far have been booked under Indian Penal Code (IPC), Unlawful Activities Prevention Act and several sections of the Explosives Act. A careful reading of these statutes will reveal that one can easily get bail under these Acts. On the contrary, it is very difficult to get bail in Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA).

In MCOCA, confessional statement of the accused is considered as "substantive evidence" and it is enough to punish the accused. In IPC and other statutes confessional statement is not considered "substantive evidence." I am not a great admirer of the draconian MCOCA but still one wonders why the ATS is not imposing MCOCA on the Malegaon bomb blast accused as it had done in the earlier blast of 2006.

To impose MCOCA, there should be at least one previous criminal chargesheet against the accused. Jagdish Mhatra, who was arrested from Dombivali in Mumbai, fulfills this legal requirement since a criminal chargesheet had been filed against him in a case of murder and extortion in 1996-97. One previous criminal chargesheet against any of the accused is enough to bring all the accused under the ambit of MCOCA.

Despite this, ATS is still "considering" and yet to apply MCOCA on the Malegaon blast accused. The same ATS had applied MCOCA on the 2006 blast accused immediately. People of Malegaon are curious to find out why this time the ATS is delaying the implementation of MCOCA.

The ATS claims to have 400 minutes of taped-conversation between Sadhvi and Ramji, the alleged bomb-planter. In a recent judgement, Supreme Court has categorically stated that the taped-conversation is admissible under MCOCA. In simple words it means the ATS can easily convict the accused on the basis of the taped-conversation if they choose to apply MCOCA.

Isn't it good news for the ATS? Why delay then?


ashfaque ismail said...

Maharashtra Control of Organised Crimes Act is applied in the cases where one of the accused had at least a crminal proceeding against him or her. It is true. I don't claim to have a legal expertise, hence can not go deep into the legalities. But over the past few years the state law enforcers have applied anti-terror provisions of the law in many cases. MCOCA also deals strictly with habitual "organised" syndicates which despite a crackdown resurface with all their criminal or anti-social activities. In September 29 Malegaon blast case, what is holding Maharashtra ATS back from applying MCOCA needs to be answered. May be the absence of a single criminal "proceeding" against a single accused is missing. Recently news reports said that ATS is planning to slap MCOCA charges against Lt Col Purohit. Because he is alleged to have masterminded the blast. But as you have written in your post that one of the accused arrested from Dombivili has a chrgesheet filed against him, it's astoninshing why the ATS is taking so much time? Even Samir Kulkarni, one of the blast accused, was booked for some offences in the past. Media reports said that he was booked for violence inflivted upon some religious minorities. Confessions before an officer of a rank of SP is admissible in a court of law under MCOCA. Other act UAPA is preventive in nature. It defines a preventive detention. Its aim is to "thwart" any unlawful activity. On the contrary MCOCA, categorically defines the conviction under it. Lets' see whether the accused in Malegaon blast case fit in its definition or not.It's upto ATS to decide on it. Only the investigations will determine whether the accused are to be held under MCOCA or not.

Indian Youth said...

Whatever became of this investigation...and the accused...after 26th Nov??